5 25 About 65 percent of India's carbon dioxide emissions in 2009 was from heating, domestic uses and power sector.
This form of fuel is inefficient source of energy, its burning releases high levels of smoke, PM10 particulate matter, true image lite 2013 NOx, SOx, PAHs, polyaromatics, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and other air pollutants.A b Badarinath,.3 20 Many two wheel, three wheel and four wheel vehicles lacked catalytic converters.Household combustion devices, motor vehicles, industrial facilities and forest fires are common sources of air pollution.Retrieved 4 December 2015.1, in autumn and winter months, large scale crop residue burning in agriculture fields a low cost alternative to mechanical tilling is a major source of smoke, smog and particulate pollution.
Traffic congestion is caused for several reasons, some of which are: increase in number of vehicles per kilometer of available road, a lack of intra-city divided-lane highways and intra-city expressways networks, lack of inter-city expressways, traffic accidents and chaos due to poor enforcement of traffic.
Scientific studies conclude biomass combustion in India is the country's dominant source of carbonaceous aerosols, emitting.25 teragram per year of black carbon into air,.94 teragram per year of organic cd grupo minuano 2012 matter, and.04 teragram per year of small particulates with diameter less than.5.
22 Fuel efficiencies similarly were much worse with traffic congestion.These pollutants are emitted in large quantities in India every day from incomplete and inefficient combustion of biomass (fuel wood, crop waste and cattle dung)."50 Bangalore kids hit by asthma".Emissions of particles and heavy metals increase over time because the growth of the fleet and mileage outpaces the efforts to curb emissions.Environmental Performance Index ranked India 141 out of 180 countries.For context and comparison, the table also includes average values for Sweden in 2008, observed and analysed by same methods.Air toxin emissions which fall into the category of unregulated emissions of primary concern are benzene and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs both well known carcinogens.Animal dung, now used in inefficient stoves, could be used to produce biogas, a cleaner fuel with higher utilisation efficiency.United Nations Environmental Programme.On per capita basis, India emitted about.4 tons of carbon dioxide per person, in comparison to the United States' 17 tons per person, and a world average.3 tons per person.Kolkata was a close second, followed by Mumbai.31 In November 2016, the Great smog of Delhi was an environmental event which saw New Delhi and adjoining areas in a dense blanket of smog, which was the worst in 17 years.